More than 200 women college students attended a lecture on contraceptive knowledge on September 26, 2013, World Contraception Day, in Haikou, the capital city of south China's Hainan Province.
The lecture was hosted by the Modern Maternal and Infant Hospital, Modern Women and Children Hospital and the Hainan Vocational Technical Institute in Haikou.
The lecture's aim was to bring contraceptive knowledge to campus. Experts also called on all of society, especially young people, to strengthen their birth control consciousness.
The lecture Sex, Health and Future, was given by Wang Jing, director of the gynaecological department of the Modern Maternal and Infant Hospital.
"Not only women should know about protecting protect themselves, but men should also have responsibility for the problem," Wang said.
She said increasing numbers of unmarried young women were undergoing abortions. In 2011 alone, 16.2 percent of 6,200 patients the hospital received for abortion procedures were under 20 years old.
"Many young people don't know what it means. Over 80 percent of the women who suffer from infertility have had an abortion experience. Those who have more than two abortions have a 40 percent chance of placenta abnormality at delivery," she said.
She also said the premature delivery rate of women with abortion history was 5.44 times higher than of those who have had no such experience.
About 16 percent of university students in China have had premarital sex, according to a study released in July.
Increasing numbers of young women are turning to abortion, says Shanghai's Institute of Family Planning Technique Guidance.
More than 30 percent of women opting for abortions in the city were unmarried, and the necessity for more than 60 percent of abortions came about because women did not use protection
The younger a person is, the less likely they are to take precautions.
"Many young couples choose sensual pleasure over protection, and regard abortion as a contraceptive," said Wang Xiangzhen, a gynecologist at the Women's and Children's Hospital in Shenzhen, adding that adolescent girls coming to her included high school students and factory workers.
Repeated abortions may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, fallopian tube obstructions and infertility.
"Before surgery, we inform them of the risk of abortions, things to look out for after surgery and how to have safe sex. But this advice often falls on deaf ears. Maybe they feel they are too young to have problems after abortions," said Gao Xiuju, a gynecologist at a publicly funded hospital in Beijing.
Xu Zhenlei, an expert in adolescent sex education at Peking University Health Science Center, said the number of university students coming to him for counseling after experiencing problems, such as unwanted pregnancy, is increasing.
University students today may be more mature than before but they were still not careful enough.
As students return, every September, there is a significant increase in abortions following holiday flings.
The Ministry of Education published a guide in 2012 on mental health for primary and high school students.
The guide asked schools to help adolescents learn about physical and psychological changes they may be going through and how to interact with people of the opposite sex.
"However, this is not compulsory, and many schools don't have such courses, fearing opposition from parents," he said.
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