Authentic Hainan’s coffee experience in Xinglong and Chengmai
For devoted coffee enthusiasts, it would be a great pity if they do not have a sip of the local coffee in Hainan Province. For the best of coffee there, coffee enthusiasts must go to Xinglong and Chengmai, the two most well known coffee growing and processing bases on the island.
Xinglong, as a famous hometown of overseas Chinese in Wanning, is one of the largest coffee growing areas on the Hainan Island.
Since the 1950s more than 10,000 overseas Chinese from 21 different countries and regions have relocated to the region, introducing coffee customs and farming in Xinglong.
In Xinglong, nearly each household has one or two sets of coffee makers, as drinking and serving their guests with coffee have become a tradition in the area. Coffee is not only provided in fancy coffeehouses but also can be found at almost any ordinary-looking stall along the street. Many locals are descendents of overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia.
Locals have gotten into the habit of drinking coffee every morning. As a coffee machine fills the morning air with a tantalizing aroma, leisurely dressed people yawn as they sit around a cup-laden table. Cups of coffee are often ordered with fried bread sticks, steamed buns or fried rice noodles.
Despite the modern and western-style coffee machines, some retired workers in are still fond of coffee that is made with manually dried coffee beans.
The variety of Xinglong coffee products has also increased year after year. It has formed an industrial chain combining planting, research and development, processing and marketing.
Fushan Coffee Scenery and Romance Town
Coffee arrived in Hainan in 1935 when Indonesian-Chinese Chen Xianzhang brought the first robusta coffee seeds from Indonesia and started coffee plantations in the Fushan Town of Chengmai County.
Located at 19° north latitude, Fushan has an annual average temperature of 23 C, sufficient sun, abundant rain and a red earth rich in minerals from volcanic ash, where geographical conditions are ideal for the growth of coffee.
The robusta thrived in this environment, evolving into a coffee with a unique fragrance.
Traditional processing methods introduced from Southeast Asia by returned overseas Chinese require coffee beans to be naturally dried on the ground, roasted with butter and sugar, and ground in a stone mill.
With its unique coffee charm, the town has also worked hard to combine coffee culture with tourism efforts to meet the increasing needs of the island’s growing tourism industry. The Coffee Cultural Center, complete with a square, a coffee trading center, a coffee utensils street, and coffee-themed hotels and museums, offer the tourists a one-stop world-class coffee, food and folk customs destination.
SOURCE: WOS Team
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