Marine transportation plays an important role in the transport of Hainan because of its highly developed sea route system. The whole province boasts 68 natural bays, among which 24 are used as harbors.
Since most of the area is enclosed by the sea, Hainan has many harbors along the coast forming a network of waterways used in the transportation of passengers and goods.
Passenger ships in these ports/harbors navigate to Haian, Xuwen, Zhanjiang, Shenzhen, and Guangzhou, towns and cities of Guangdong, and to Beihai in Guangxi.
The major sea ports in Hainan are as follows:
Sanya Port, Sanya三亚港
Historically known as the Linchuan Port, the Sanya Port is a main distribution centre for cargo entering Hainan, including seafood, with a wholesale fish market located at the far eastern end. It is also a major port for immigration onto Hainan Island.
A fish market is located at the port. It provides seafood to markets and restaurants around the city. Large sea fish are sold as well as squid, shellfish, and smaller fish. Adjacent to it are various buildings related to this market. These buildings store and process fish and produce ice blocks to be chipped and sold to the dealers.
Haikou Port, Haikou 海口港
Haikou Port, also known as Xiuying Port, lies in the south of Haikou Bay, facing Leizhou Peninsula across Qiongzhou Strait. It has the strategic importance of holding the strait between Beibu Bay and the South China Sea, hence the name "the Gateway of Qiongzhou".
With a handling capacity of 4 million tons each year, it has 2 piers for 10,000 tons, 2 piers for 5,000 tons and 24 piers for below 5,000 tons.
The port has 23 domestic routes and 47 international routes leading to almost all domestic ports and over 30 countries and regions. Besides passenger transportation, Haikou Port can also deal with domestic containers and international standard containers.
Qinglan Port, Wenchang 文昌清澜港
Strategically situated near Qinglan Town about 84 km southeast of Haikou, the 120,000-sqm Qinglan Port is one of Hainan's most important trading centers and the location of key government offices.
Qinglan Port benefits from one of the finest natural harbors on the western coast of Hougong Bay and is one of the province's five largest ports. First constructed about 600 years ago, the port today is both a strategic distribution centre and a vital transportation hub serving Hainan, Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha islands.
Xincun Port, Lingshui 陵水新村港
Xincun Port is a natural bay where you can overlook a chain of fishing rafts and a block of floating houses owned by the Dan Jia People (known as the Chinese "gypsies on the sea"). They seldom set foot on land, living in wooden cabins set up on rows of fishing rafts.
Xincun Port has the world’s only floating sea turtle hospital which cares for the state-protected endangered species.
Basuo Port, Dongfang 八所港
Basuo Port is located in the middle of the West coastline of Hainan Island. The port is under Dongfang County’s control. Basuo Port is considered to be the most important sea trade portal in Hainan Province.
The Port has 6 berths for vessels of 10,000 dwt and 2 berths for vessels of 1,000 dwt and has become one of the deepwater ports. It has been opened to navigation and has established trade contacts with many large ports in China and ports in more than 20 countries and regions.
The main export cargoes are iron ore, iron, steel, cement, timber and local goods, Imports include coal, coke, grain and general cargo.
Changhua Port, Changjiang昌江昌化港
Changhua Harbor is mainly a commercial harbor. Changhua Harbor is one of the biggest fishing grounds in South China. It has links with Haikou, Zhanjiang, Beihai and Guangzhou and ports along the coast line of Guangdong Province.
Baimajing Port, Danzhou儋州白马井港
Baimajing Port is located in the west of Danzhou City, facing the Beibu Gulf, one of the seas with largest productivity of fishery resources in the South China Sea.
Xinying Port, Lingao 临高新盈港
Xinying Port is located in the Xinying Township of Lingao County, facing the Beibu Gulf. The port can ship goods directly to Guangzhou, Zhanjiang, Hai’an, Haikou, Sanya and other ports.
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